Share & Declare

Share and Declare: Stable Diffusion and the Second Law of Thermodynamics in AI-generated Art


This paper explores the concept of Stable Diffusion in AI-generated art through the lens of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, with a focus on the natural processes of sharing and declaring. We propose that Stable Diffusion can be understood as “Share and Declare”, where the system first shares information (seeks equilibrium via entropy) and then declares structure (from energy to particles, atoms, molecules, and beyond). By analyzing the parallels between nature and the Stable Diffusion process, we aim to provide a deeper understanding of the principles that underlies our universe.


Stable Diffusion is a generative process that has found applications in various fields, including AI-generated art. This process can be better understood by examining it in the context of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases in an isolated system. Entropy, a measure of disorder in a system, dictates that natural systems will always move towards equilibrium, sharing energy and resources to minimize gradients.

In this paper, we propose that Stable Diffusion can be viewed as a “Share and Declare” process, where the system first “diffuses” and then declares structure (final image). By drawing parallels with the natural processes underlying the Second Law of Thermodynamics, we aim to provide a deeper understanding of the principles that govern our universe.

  1. Sharing: Entropy and Equilibrium

In nature, systems tend towards equilibrium, driven by the Second Law of Thermodynamics. This process of sharing involves minimizing energy gradients by distributing energy uniformly. In the context of AI-generated art, Stable Diffusion mimics this natural tendency by FIRST sharing information across the generated image. The diffusion process introduces randomness, thereby increasing the entropy of the system.

  1. Declaring: Structure and Hierarchy

The Second Law of Thermodynamics not only governs the sharing of energy but also the emergence of structure and hierarchy. In nature, this process of declaring can be observed at various scales, from energy forming particles, to particles forming atoms, atoms forming molecules, and so on. The Stable Diffusion process in AI-generated art similarly proceeds from a diffused, high-entropy state to a structured, lower-entropy final image. The gradual emergence of the structure in the generated image can be likened to the natural processes of declaring.

  1. Stable Diffusion in AI-generated Art

This “Share and Declare” model of our universe can be observed by examining the iterative steps involved in the Stable Diffusion process. Initially, the system shares information by diffusing it across the image, leading to an increase in entropy. Subsequently, the process moves towards declaring structure by refining the image through a series of iterations. This results in a final, lower-entropy image that reveals the desired artistic composition.


By examining Stable Diffusion through the lens of the Second Law of Thermodynamics, we can gain a deeper understanding of the principles underlying our universe. The “Share and Declare” model highlights the parallels between nature and the Stable Diffusion process, emphasizing the importance of entropy and equilibrium in both systems. Ultimately, this perspective allows us to observe the intricate relationship between the natural world and the generative processes that drive AI-generated art.

Author: John Rector

John Rector is an AI Futurist who predicted the next word in business™, starting with his notable paper from 2015, "Mommy, What's a Cashier?" Drawing upon 40 years of experience in the practical applications of high technology, he assists clients in converting uncertainty into strategic advantages within a one-to-six-year framework. With leadership roles including IBM executive and co-founder of e2open, he has a diverse and impactful background. In the AI sector, he has set benchmarks through his contributions to Mind Media Group and Florrol, pioneering AI-based services and content generation. His investment initiative, Waterway Ventures, is committed to advancing promising AI startups. His creative ventures include founding Bodaro and graphic design studio Palm ❤️. In education, he has launched Nextyrn, which uses AI for personalized learning experiences, and in art, he leads Potyn, an initiative using AI to create bespoke pieces. His ever-expanding portfolio features companies like Nozeus, Infinia, Blacc Ink, and Maibly. Operating from Charleston, SC, his current focus involves partnering with individuals and enterprises to develop innovative business models and processes for the rapidly approaching age of AGI.

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